PISA for Development (PISA-D), the latest of the OECD’s PISA assessments, focuses on making PISA more accessible and relevant to low-to-middle-income countries. We have enhanced our PISA instruments so that they target the range of student performance in these countries. We have also collected background information to capture how students learn, teachers teach and schools operate in these contexts. PISA-D has also helped the participating countries to build their capacity to manage large-scale assessments and to make use of the results in support of national policy dialogue and education policy-making.
In all PISA-D countries, less than 10% of students attained the
OECD average PISA 2015 mathematics score.
Students’ performance in science
About 18% of students across PISA-D countries achieve the
minimum level of proficiency (Level 2) in science, compared with
the OECD average of 79%.
Level 2 in PISA corresponds to a level at which students can draw on their knowledge of basic science content
and procedures to identify an appropriate explanation, interpret data, and identify the question being addressed in a simple experiment. All students should be expected to attain at least Level 2 in science by the time they leave compulsory education